DOM nodes created with React, such as a button, fire the same DOM events they would in vanilla JavaScript.

    To add an event handler, pass a function as a prop to a React element:

      onClick={e => {

    Naming scheme

    Event names are camel-cased, so we need to use onClick instead of the native equivalent, onclick. React normalizes these names across browsers, so we don't need to consider browser inconsistencies.

    We can find the full list of events supported by React here.

    Event normalization

    In addition to normalizing event names, React normalizes event objects created by the browser. React's events, also called synthetic events, have roughly the same interface as native events, so we can still call e.stopPropagation() or e.preventDefault(), and we can still access properties like e.which(). For more detail, check out the Handling Events page in the React docs.


    Let's look at an example where we handle the onClick event of an element.

    Custom Components and Events

    Let's say we want to make a custom CounterButton component with an onClick event. Creating a button with <CounterButton onClick={() => ...} /> will tell React to instantiate our CounterButton class with the prop onClick set to a function. However, this alone won't make our CounterButton respond to clicks.

    Only DOM components can handle DOM events like onClick - so our CounterButton must render a DOM component and pass the onClick prop into it. Our CounterButton is essentially a pass-through for the click event.

    The name of the onClick prop passed to our CounterButton is arbitrary — we could name it anything we want, so long as somewhere within CounterButton we pass the prop into a DOM component's onClick. For example, we could decide to name the prop onPress and create our button CounterButton as <CounterButton onPress={() => ...} />. Within CounterButton, we would then want to render <button onClick={props.onPress} />.

    Here we pass our CounterButton a prop onPress, which then gets passed into the onClick of a button.